ABUN


ABUN
ABUN (also Abuna, Bun), a variation of the Aramaic name "Abba," common in Palestine, France, and Spain. Several scholars and poets by this name were known in the Middle Ages, but there is little information available about them. (1) The father of a Palestinian liturgical poet, Eleazar, whose style and method are similar to those of Kallir, was called both Abun and Bun. (2) The grandfather of the Franco-German liturgical poet Simeon b. Isaac bore the name Abun, also Abuna. A native of Le Mans, France (it is conceivable that (Le) Mans is in fact a corruption of Mainz), who lived at the end of the ninth century, he may be the one to whom solomon luria refers in his responsum 29 (Lublin, 1575): "R. Abun who excels in Torah, wisdom, wealth, and in all the innermost secrets, expounding every letter in 49 different ways." Some scholars identify him with Abun, a physician who was head of a school for medicine in Narbonne, some of whose disciples taught medicine in Montpellier. (3) A Spanish poet by the name Abun b. Sharada lived around the 11th century, first in Lucena and then in Seville. His poems were praised by his contemporaries as well as by later writers. solomon ibn gabirol mentions him in his poems alongside menahem b. saruk , dunash b. labrat , and samuel ha-nagid (Shirei Shelomo ibn Gabirol, ed. by Ḥ.N. Bialik and Y.H. Ravnitzky, 1 (19282), 65, no. 28). He is also mentioned in moses ibn ezra 's Shirat Yisrael (ed. by B. Halper (1924), 69) and in Judah Al-Ḥarizi 's Taḥkemoni (ed. by A. Kaminka (1899), 40). From Moses Ibn Ezra it can be gathered that the poems of Abun were no longer current in his day and it seems evident that even he did not see them. (4) A Spanish scholar and philanthropist of the 12th century, to whom Moses Ibn Ezra addressed many poems and about whom he composed several lamentations on his death, calling him "Rabbana Abun," "Ha-Gevir" ("the Magnate"), and "Abun, the words of whose mouth were like a watercourse in a dry land." (5) A Spanish liturgical poet known from five poems written in the spirit and style of early paytanim of Spain. He may be the Abun b. R. Saul also known as "the pious R. Abun of Majorca." -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Spiegel, in: YMḤSI, 5 (1939), 269–91; Davidson, OẒAR, 4 (1933), 347. (Abraham Meir Habermann)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • abun — abun·dance; abun·dant; abun·dant·ly; …   English syllables

  • abunə — is. <əsli fr.> Abonement haqqını ödəməklə kütləvi informasiya vasitələrinə əvvəlcədən yazılma. Abunə şöbəsi. Abunə qəbulu. Abunə vərəqəsi. – Amma bircə şey qaldı ki, mən onu başa düşmürəm: bilmirəm abunə pullarını sevgili «Rəhbər» harada… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • abunəçi — is. Abunəsi olan adam, abunə yazılan adam. Qəzet və məcmuələrin abunəçiləri gündən günə artır. Abunəçilərin siyahısı …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Abun — ISO 639 3 Code : kgr ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Łabuń Wielki — Łabuń Wielki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • abun·dance — /əˈbʌndəns/ noun : a large amount of something : an abundant amount of something [singular] The city has an abundance of fine restaurants. [=has many fine restaurants] a plant with an abundance of flowers [noncount] a plant known for the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Simeon ben Isaac ben Abun (Simeon the Great) — (d. C.1015)    German liturgical poet. He lived in Mainz. Many of his hymns are included in the Ashkenazi liturgy, notably that for the New Year. According to legend, he was the father of the pope Elhanan …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


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